Ideas and practices of development and security have evolved separately in institutional, scholarly, and non-governmental fora. This separate evolution has hampered attempts to understand how violence and physical threats to security are inter-linked with broad development processes. Recent attempts to re-think the “security-development” nexus have encountered great resistance and significant misunderstanding, on both sides of the divide. This has hindered the development of effective policies and programs to reduce violence, crime, and insecurity in ways that could promote human, social, and economic development.
This chapter presents an overview of the scope, scale, and distribution of armed violence that sets the stage for a more detailed examination the ways in which insecurity may undermine development and some programmatic responses from the development community to deal with conflict-driven insecurity.
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