VIDEO: Combating water shortages in South Africa.
In South Africa, rising temperatures and faster evaporation rates mean that farms require more water for irrigation, but also make rainfall more erratic. Water shortages have therefore become a threat to the agricultural sector, which accounts for eight per cent of South Africa's economy. This video shows how researchers supported by the Climate Change Adaptation in Africa program are contributing to the implementation of farming methods that improve water efficiency in agriculture. ©2012 IDRC/CRDI. (French version)

— Abstract

Water management in much of the world is at a critical juncture. Recognized as essential in promoting development and reducing poverty, water is often scarce, polluted, mismanaged, misgoverned, and poorly allocated. Since 1950s, management paradigms proposed by the international community have had a decisive influence on the content (though not the implementation) of water policies in developed and developing countries. Nevertheless, at the local level, these paradigms represented a concept more than reality. This explains why in the second decade of the twenty first century, formulation and implementation of efficient policies and management practices benefiting humankind and the environment have still not been achieved.

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— Suggested Readings

Biswas, Asit. K., Cecilia Tortajada and Rafael Izquierdo (eds.) (2009). Water Management in 2020 and Beyond. Berlin: Springer.

Biswas, Asit K., Murad J. Bino, et Naser I. Faruqui. (2003). La gestion de l'eau selon l'Islam. Paris : Éditions Karthala.

Brooks, David B. (2002). Water local-level management. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre.

Brooks, David B. and Oliver M. Brandes (2011). “Why a Water Soft Path, Why Now and What Then?” International Journal of Water Resources Development, 27(2): 315–44.

Brooks, David B. (2002). L'eau: gérer localement. Ottawa: Centre de recherches pour le développement international.

Drechsel, Pay, Scott, Christopher A., Raschid-Sally, Liqa, Redwood, Mark, and Bahri, Akiça. (2010). Wastewater irrigation and health: assessing and mitigating risk in low-income countries. IDRC, Ottawa, ON, CA.

Drechsel, Pay, Scott, Christopher A., Raschid-Sally, Liqa, Redwood, Mark, et Bahri, Akiça. (2011). L’irrigation avec des eaux usées et la santé : évaluer et atténuer les risques dans les pays à faible revenu.  Ottawa : Centre de recherches pour le développement international.

Faruqui, Naser I., Asit K. Biswas, and Murad J. Bino. (2001). Water management in Islam. [Ottawa, Ont., Canada]: IDRC.

Molden, D. (ed.) (2007). Water for Food, Water for Life: A Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture. London: Earthscan Publications and Colombo: IWMI.

Rached, Eglal, Eva-Maria Rathgeber, and David B. Brooks. (1996). Water management in Africa and the Middle East challenges and opportunities. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre. (Résumé en français disponible ici)

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (2006). Human Development Report: Beyond Scarcity: Power, Poverty and the Global Water Crisis. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Wichelns, Dennis and Pay Drechsel (2011). “Meeting the Challenge of Wastewater Irrigation: Economics, Finance, Business Opportunities and Methodological Constraints,” Water International, 36(4): 415–19.